Leukemia: Causes, treatment, and early signs - LIVE HEALTHY

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June 29, 2020

Leukemia: Causes, treatment, and early signs


Leukemia is generally called blood cancer, an excessive abnormal proliferation of white blood cells in the blood or bone marrow. It is usually divided into acute and chronic types. Most children have acute lymphocytic leukemia, while most adults have acute myeloid lymphocytic leukemia. 

Leukemia: Causes, treatment, and early signs

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is mostly aged 60 to 70 years old. The abnormal proliferation of white blood cells will reduce or hinder the production of other typical components in the blood. As a result, there will be anemia, weakened resistance to disease, bacteria, and bleeding, which can easily cause death.

Symptom 


  • Unexplained fever and high fever do not retreat (fever more than three days).
  • The face is pale, because hemoglobin is reduced, and heme is reduced to form anemia.
  • Tired easily. Children will limp or refuse to stand.
  • Easy to bleed, such as nosebleeds, oral gum bleeding. Or due to bleeding under the skin, bruises, and purple spots on the skin.
  • Easy to catch a cold and be infected by bacteria.
  • Swollen lymph nodes usually occur in the neck or armpits.
  • In the upper and lower parts of the knee, joint pain is often mistaken for arthritis.
  • Enlarged organs, such as a swollen upper abdomen in a child may be caused by the liver and spleen being damaged by leukemia cells.

Causes 


The body to produce a large number of normal blood cells does not occur when leukemia. In most leukemias, abnormal cells are composed of white blood cells. Leukemia cells usually look different from normal cells, and they do not function normally. Currently, the main cause of leukemia is not known. Some research reports may be related to radiation exposure and chemicals such as benzene. Filtered viruses are also considered to be one of the causes of leukemia.

Prevention 


Avoid exposure to chemical agents and exposed to radiation.

Treatment 


Acute leukemia is a condition in which you need immediate medical treatment. Usually, multiple treatments must be given to prevent a recurrence. Many patients with acute leukemia can be cured. In contrast, the treatment of chronic leukemia is not as effective as acute leukemia with medical treatment. Medical treatment can often only reduce the symptoms of patients or control leukemia. 

If acute leukemia is left untreated, it will die in about three months instead of becoming chronic. Chronic leukemia patients have mostly immature blood cells. If over a while, about 80% to 90% of chronic patients will become acute. Treatment of leukemia is especially through chemotherapy. Depending on the patient's condition, sometimes Chemotherapy is performed along with radiotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.


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