Hepatitis: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment - LIVE HEALTHY

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July 3, 2020

Hepatitis: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

The viral Hepatitis is derived from the two words, “Hep” that's Hepar in Greek for Liver and “Titis” manner inflammation. So, Viral hepatitis means “Inflammation of Liver due to viral infections”. It may present in acute (recent infection, highly speedy onset) or persistent forms.

Hepatitis: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment


The main root cause of the spread of viral hepatitis is the 5 hepatotropic viruses hepatitis A hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D and hepatitis E. In addition to all these hepatitis viruses, other viruses that may cause liver inflammation include cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and jaundice. Up to 1997, there has been also 52 cases of viral hepatitis resulting from herpes simplex virus. There is the possibility to save you or treat the most commonplace types. Hepatitis A and hepatitis B may be avoided by means of vaccination.

Hepatitis A


The full name of Hepatitis A is "Viral Hepatitis A". The virus that causes hepatitis A is a ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus, which develops after an incubation period of about 2 to 6 weeks after infection. Before the onset of illness, that is, during the incubation period, the patient has become the source of infection and will transmit hepatitis to people around him.

Symptom


  • People with hepatitis A will feel very tired, fever, loss of appetite, and vomiting.
  • There are signs of jaundice, such as dark brown urine and yellow eyes and skin.
  • Those with a poor appetite who usually like to smoke will also lose interest in cigarettes.


Cause


The causes of hepatitis A infection is called "oral infection" and "faecal mouth infection", which means that when you eat or drink food and beverages that are contaminated with hepatitis A virus (patient's stool), you will be infected Hepatitis A. Therefore, hepatitis A is primarily caused by unclean environmental hygiene.

Treatment


In addition to acute hepatitis patients in a small part will evolve into "fulminant hepatitis", and in a few days to a few weeks outside of cases of death, the vast majority of patients are cured within 2-6 weeks; liver function It will return to normal and heal completely within four to eight weeks. After the patient recovers from illness, he can remain resistant throughout his life without being infected again. Hepatitis A is an acute disease that heals naturally and therefore, does not require medication.


prevention


  • To prevent infection with hepatitis A, the easiest way is to pay attention to drinks, food, eating utensils and personal hygiene.
  • Hepatitis A vaccine is also an effective method.


Hepatitis B


Propagation of hepatitis B infection can be divided into vertical and horizontal two infections. Vertical infection is the transmission of hepatitis B to newborns. The horizontal disorder is divided into contact infection and transfusion infection. Contact infection is when someone else comes into contact with infected blood or body fluids through the skin or mucous membrane wounds and become infected. Such as sharing toothbrushes, chewing food and feeding children. Transfusion infections are infections caused by receiving blood from patients with hepatitis B.

Symptoms


Patients with chronic hepatitis B have no signs. Acute and chronic hepatitis B cases often have apparent symptoms, such as jaundice, gastrointestinal discomfort, loss of appetite, burnout, general weakness, nausea, vomiting, right upper abdominal pain, brown urine, etc. Sometimes there is a fever, Symptoms such as joint pain and rash. The incubation period for hepatitis B is about one month to 6 months.

Treatment


The treatment method has no basis. When you have hepatitis B, you should be diagnosed by a liver specialist as soon as possible, because not every hepatitis patient needs treatment, some patients can be cured without medication, but others need treatment. Otherwise, it will worsen cirrhosis. Therefore, all circumstances should be judged according to the condition at the time.

Prevention


  • Get the hepatitis B vaccine.
  • To reduce the chance of maternal and child infections, newborn infants can be injected with hepatitis B epidemic; avoid kissing babies and chewing food to feed babies.
  • Reducing the level of infection can avoid unnecessary injections, acupuncture, eyebrow tattoos, tattoos, piercings and blood transfusions; do not use someone else's toothbrush, razor, or avoid scratching the skin or mucous membrane.

   

Hepatitis C


Hepatitis C is a common blood infectious disease. It is estimated that the number of infected people in the United States is about 4 million, of which about 2.7 million are chronic patients. Among them, 70% of them will eventually die from the disease. The mortality rate is higher than that of AIDS. Unlike hepatitis A and B, hepatitis C cannot be prevented by vaccination.

Symptoms


Many patients will when there is no sign, in newly diagnosed patients, only about a quarter appear jaundice, fatigue, vomiting and other symptoms. Unless a particular blood test is carried out, this disease can be latent for years or even decades. Therefore, many people have entered the chronic phase when they are diagnosed with hepatitis C, and the degree of liver damage is also quite serious.

Infected with hepatitis C do not have symptoms early, the condition than hepatitis B light. Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, burnout, jaundice, and edema only occur when it is severe to the end of liver cirrhosis or even liver cancer.

Cause


A type of viral hepatitis caused by the hepatitis C virus. Like AIDS, hepatitis C can be transmitted through sexual intercourse, body fluids, and drug users sharing needles. About half of the patients have a history of blood transfusion. Other possible infections include the use of unclean needles, tattoos, piercings, sharing razors or toothbrushes, but some hepatitis C cannot find the infection.

Hepatitis C has the phenomenon of infection among family members. For example, the husband and children of female patients may be infected with hepatitis C. The cause is still unknown. There is little chance of vertical transmission of the disease through shared tableware, chopsticks or mother and child. The rate of the latter is about 3%.

Treatment


Fortunately, effective treatment of Hepatitis C is possible but its treatment is very expensive.

Prevention


Avoid unnecessary contact with body fluids (especially blood), so unnecessary blood transfusions and injections, sharing toothbrushes or razors, reusing the same needle for acupuncture, piercings or tattoos should be avoided. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.


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