Lupus erythematosus (Lupus) - LIVE HEALTHY

Breaking

Full Width CSS

July 4, 2020

Lupus erythematosus (Lupus)

Lupus erythematosus is a chronic inflammation that affects many organs. It is a body immune disease, that is, the body's immune system attacks the body itself. The patients are mostly women.

Lupus erythematosus (Lupus)

There are two types of lupus erythematosus: systemic lupus erythematosus and discoid lupus erythematosus. The former affects organs and joints throughout the body, while the latter is a mild skin disease.

Symptom

  • The patient will develop a butterfly-like rash on the nose and cheeks. The sun tends to cause these rashes to break out. This lupus is a disfiguring skin disease, and this reaction is sometimes associated with tuberculosis infection. These sores are small, soft, and appear in groups on the skin with a yellow appearance. When they disappear, they usually leave scars. 
  • Some lupus diseases develop like arthritis, swelling and pain in the fingers and other joints, and long mouth sores. 
  • When the condition is serious, it will affect the functions of the brain, kidney, heart, and other organs. When it comes to the central nervous system, burst syndrome, forgetfulness, psychosis, and depression can occur.

Cause

  • The cause of systemic lupus is still unknown, but it is believed to be caused by a virus that causes the immune function to produce antibodies that attack their organs and tissues. 
  • Fatigue, pregnancy, drug infections, tension, and stress, chemicals etc. may also trigger lupus.

Treatment

  • Many treatments for lupus erythematosus can cause serious side effects. Such as anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-malarial drugs.
  • Corticosteroids (adrenal hormones) can only be used under the guidance of a doctor. The side effects of steroids and other immunosuppressants include puffiness or rounding of the face, long facial hair, pimples (blisters), weight gain, diabetes, cataracts, osteoporosis, gastric ulcers, and infections, so they are not suitable for long-term use. These steroids may also stop self-made adrenal hormones in the body.
  • Besides, radiotherapy for lupus is still in the experimental stage. It involves the use of low-dose radiation on the lymph nodes to suppress the immune system.
  • Sometimes, anticancer drugs are also used to weaken the immune system's response and steroids' need. These anticancer drugs may be harmful to the bone marrow and must be used with caution.



No comments:

Post a Comment

Please do not enter any spam link in the comment box.