Acute Renal Failure - LIVE HEALTHY

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July 3, 2020

Acute Renal Failure


Acute kidney failure is a sudden loss of renal function caused by renal circulatory failure or changes in renal tubules, so the kidney cannot exclude the body's metabolic waste. When the kidney is unable to perform its normal functions, it can cause toxins, waste, and water to accumulate in the body and cause acute kidney failure.

Acute Renal Failure

Symptom

Systemic symptoms

  • fever, vomiting, fatigue, oedema, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, hemoptysis, and smell of urine; skin rash, liver failure.

Central nervous system

  • drowsiness, headache, convulsions, tremor, restlessness, unconsciousness, coma, etc.

Cause

Insufficient kidney blood supply:

  • Excessive blood loss burns or water loss, Heart failure, extremely low blood pressure (shock), and liver failure.

Urinary flow obstruction:

  • Prostatic hypertrophy. 
  • The tumour compresses the urinary tract.

Renal Injury:

  • Damaged by toxic substances such as carbon tetrachloride, methanol, heavy metals, and urinary analgesics.
  • There are stones in the kidney or arteriovenous occlusion.

Treatment

  • Maintain the balance of water and electrolytes to keep the right amount of nutrients in the body.
  • Identify the factors that reason acute renal failure and corrective treatment, which includes supplementing the lack of water in the body, elevating the reduced blood pressure, preventing the nephrotoxic drugs, etc.
  • It can temporarily replace the lost kidney function by dialysis treatment (i.e., kidney dialysis). Acute kidney failure is different from chronic kidney failure. It can usually be found to be corrected, and after treatment, kidney function can return to normal.

Prevention

  • People with high blood pressure must strictly control blood pressure to avoid kidney failure caused by high blood pressure.
  • It is better to take medicine prescribed by a doctor than to take medication.
  • For food, do not eat anything too salty.
  • Eat fewer legumes because the protein in the legumes will form uremia and increase the load on the kidneys.
  • Work and rest regularly to avoid fatigue.
  • Drink plenty of water. It is advisable to drink at least seven to eight glasses of water per day.


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