Ankylosing Spondylitis - LIVE HEALTHY

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July 7, 2020

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic and repetitive inflammatory disease of the spine joints. Most patients are young men between 20 and 40 years old. Women may also suffer from this disease, but usually, the condition is mild.


Ankylosing Spondylitis

Symptoms

Typical symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis:

  • Chronic lower back pain.
  • The spine is stiff in the morning.
  • The range of motion is limited. It is more evident at rest, especially in the morning when you get up early (usually more than one hour). In severe cases, the patient will wake up in the middle of the night due to soreness and stiffness. The symptoms of back pain and morning stiffness will alleviate after activity.

Causes

Ankylosing spondylitis is related to the immune system. It is common in men. It begins to produce symptoms around the age of twenty. The pelvic joints start to stiffen, and the entire spine slowly becomes stiff. It isn't easy to turn or bend the body. The cause of this disease is unknown, and most of it is familial. Its cause is related to human leukocyte antigen HLA-B27.

Handling by yourself 

Ankylosing spondylitis cannot be handled at home by yourself. If you have problems with your spine, you should consult a doctor immediately instead of applying ointment or taking medicine.

Treatment

The treatment of ankylosing spondylitis is mainly divided into sports and physical therapy, drug therapy and surgery.

Exercise and physical therapy

If the condition is not very serious, exercise and physical therapy can be used to alleviate the pain, such as maintaining the range of spinal motion. The type of activity is suitable for movements that can move joints but do not collide violently with impact joints, such as callisthenics, swimming, etc.

Drug treatment

doctors will be nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory painkillers and immunomodulatory drugs according to the disease. The purpose of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics is to reduce pain. The most commonly used drug for immunomodulators is Salazopyrine, and those with more severe conditions may also be combined with MTX. These drugs have the function of regulating the immune system.

Surgery

For patients whose spine has been severely deformed, surgery can be considered to improve joint function.

Prevention

  • We should try our best to maintain excellent and correct sitting, sleeping and walking postures, such as avoiding maintaining a pose for a long time (such as stationary), doing more stretching exercises and spine extension exercises to prevent spinal deformation. Besides, the sleeping position should be lying down or lying down, the pillow should be low, the bed board should be hard, and the cushion should be about five centimetres thick.
  • Maintain an appropriate amount of non-impact sports such as soft gymnastics, swimming, etc., while cycling and boxing are exempt.
  • Go to the doctor regularly to check the body, and if there is a problem, you can be treated immediately.


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