Gout: Symptoms, Cause & Treatment - LIVE HEALTHY

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July 5, 2020

Gout: Symptoms, Cause & Treatment

Gout in the narrow sense is sudden arthritis caused by high uric acid in the blood. But in a broad sense, "gout" is a syndrome. Before menopause, women's blood uric acid value is lower than men's. So, statistically speaking, men's blood uric acid value above 7.0mg/dl counts as hyperuricemia. While women's blood uric acid value above 6.0 mg/dl is considered hyperuricemia. According to statistics, one in ten people with hyperuricemia will develop gout in the future.

Gout: Symptoms, Cause & Treatment

Symptoms

Symptoms of joint lesion sudden swelling pain. The thumb joint is the most vulnerable, and the knee, ankle, wrist, and elbow joints may also be affected. The clinical symptoms of gout mainly form asymptomatic hyperuricemia first, followed by acute gout attacks. After repeated gout attacks, uric acid, salt deposits, or gout stones form, leading to joint deformation, urinary tract stones, and finally, kidney disease.

Cause

  • The real cause is unknown, but the dysfunction of urate excretion in the body is hereditary.
  • Some gout attacks are caused by the side effects of taking diuretics to treat high blood pressure and heart disease.
  • Indulging the diet, too much fat and alcohol will increase uric acid and reduce its elimination.

Treatment

An acute gout attack is a kind of intolerable pain. In the acute phase, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory drugs should be used to relieve the patient's pain, but analgesia is only first aid. Common medications used to treat this condition include anti-inflammatory and analgesic anti-inflammatory drugs. 

For patients with repeated attacks, the doctor will prescribe medications that can control the level of uric acid to help patients reduce the incidence. Effective drug treatment and diet control can avoid complications such as gout stones, joint deformation, urinary tract stones, and kidney disease.

Prevention

  • Avoid eating foods and drinks that have caused attacks.
  • Always take anti-drug drugs and stop taking them immediately.
  • Therefore, patients who are ill should drink less alcohol (best forbidden), and those who are overweight should lose weight.
  • Avoid eating internal organs of animals (such as pork liver, waist, pig brain), seafood (such as shrimp, oysters, abalone, sardines), foods containing yeast (such as fermented milk), broth and sausages.
  • Eat more vegetables, Fruits, and staple foods (such as rice, noodles, rice noodles), milk products, and eggs.
  • Cultivating the habit of drinking plenty of water can promote the excretion of uric acid, but also reduce the chance of urinary tract stones formation.


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