Lymphoma: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment - LIVE HEALTHY

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July 4, 2020

Lymphoma: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

The lymphatic system is a network that assists the blood circulation system throughout the body. Its primary function is to maintain the body's defense capabilities and help absorb and transport water and fat. The parts that make up the lymphatic system are the lymph glands, lymph nodes, and spleen, which are filled with lymph fluid and different types of lymphocytes.

Lymphoma: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Symptoms

In general, swollen lymph nodes is an essential symptom of lymphoma; these enlarged lymph nodes feel hard, usually do not have tenderness. But some can cause pain after drinking alcohol, and the swelling of these lymph nodes persists for a long time, and there is a tendency to increase gradually. It can usually be felt in the neck, armpits, or groin.

Other symptoms include fatigue, fever, night sweats, decreased appetite, and weight loss. Some patients will have itchy skin, muscle weakness, lower limb swelling, diarrhea, abdominal pain, pale skin, and uncomplicated infection.

Cause

When lymphocytes within the tumor lesion of this system and causing lymphoma. Lymphoma is mainly divided into two categories: Hodgkin's lymphoma (also known as Hodgkin's disease), and the other is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The difference between them is that the former possesses a unique form of tumor cells, while the latter does not. The division of lymphoma into these two categories is due to their different clinical manifestations and treatment options.

Diagnosis 

Diagnosis of lymphoma in addition to blood tests, the most important thing is to take a small portion of lymph node tissue for biopsy. This biopsy can not only detect specialized tumor cells but can also be divided into these cells by analyzing these cells' arrangement. Different severity can help the prognosis of the disease. Other methods that can help the forecast and set the treatment plan include CT examination of the chest and abdomen cavity. Whether the lymphoma has spread to these body parts can be seen on the X-ray picture. 

Treatment

  • The primary treatment for lymphoma is radiotherapy, which uses intense radiation to kill tumor cells.
  • Another type of therapy is chemotherapy, that is, drug therapy. These anti-tumor drugs can cause side effects such as hair loss, vomiting, diarrhea, and infertility.
  • Other treatments include bone marrow transplantation. These transplanted bone marrows can be obtained from the patient and donated from others who are appropriately matched. Although bone marrow transplantation can cure some patients, it also has certain risks. Because the suppression of the patient's immune system after transplantation can increase the risk of infection and cause subsequent complications.

Prevention

Because a small part of lymphoma and viral infections may be related, so avoid virus infection may help prevent lymphoma. There is no other preventive method. 

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