Skin Cancer: Symptoms & Causes - LIVE HEALTHY

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July 4, 2020

Skin Cancer: Symptoms & Causes

Skin cancer is a type of skin related problem that occurs when cells in the epidermis begin to turn into cancer cells. The type of skin cancer depends on which cells in the epidermis are affected.

Skin Cancer: Symptoms & Causes

Skin cancer can be categorized in the following three types:

Erosive ulcers- born on the face or neck, is the most common skin cancer. If left untreated, the consequences will be severe.
Malignant melanoma- This type of skin cancer is uncommon and can be born anywhere on the body.
Squamous cell carcinoma- also known as epithelial cancer, usually develops on its own. Warts in the hands, head, ears, face, lips, or neck of the elderly can all evolve into this type of skin cancer, but it is rare.

Erosive ulcers

It is also known as "basal cell carcinoma," are cancer cells that grow slowly and are relatively common skin cancers, often born on the face, neck, nose, eyelids, and ears. This cancer does not spread to other parts of the body and must be surgically removed to heal. If left untreated, the ulcer will gradually expand and even erode the bones under it and be fatal.

Symptoms

  • At first, small papules, which include waxy pearls, will appear; after a few months or years, the papules can develop into coronary heart knots and the surface is faded and shiny.
  • Heart knots develop ulcers later, and scabs will develop ulcers soon after.
  • The edges of the ulcer will swell and shine.
  • Heart knots can gradually expand within a few months or years and erode the surrounding skin.

Causes

Fewer opportunities unknown may be associated with sun exposure; however, even with apparel to cover, the site can even have this skin cancer, but the disease afflicts dark-skinned humans.

Treatment

  • If you suspect that a pimple or ulcer may be an erosive ulcer, you should see your doctor as soon as possible.
  • Doctors can use curettes or hands to remove ulcers and can also, perform radiation therapy.
  • The treatment method depends on the size and location of the ulcer.

Prevention

Wear a hat that protects the face and neck to protect the skin from overexposure.

Malignant melanoma

This cancer will make the skin pigment-containing cells, are highly rare cases. In general, malignant melanoma is formed by existing colored spots or nodules. The cancer cells can spread to the whole body in weeks or months. The shallower the malignant melanoma invades the skin, the greater the chance of cure. If it has penetrated deep into the skin, the cancer cells may have spread to the lymph and blood vessels, often dying within months or years.

Symptoms

  • The color, size, and surrounding skin of the nodules or stains of the epidermis change.
  • Moles on the epidermis can cause bleeding, tingling, or pain.
  • If there are multiple colors on the surface of the mole, and the edges are uneven, special attention should be paid.
  • Pigmented nodules may appear on normal skin, then ulcers form and spread to surrounding skin tissue.

Causes

The cause is unknown, but people who live in areas with intense sunlight and have fair-skinned skin are more susceptible.

Treatment

The doctor will perform surgical removal of the nodules for the patient, and the skin and subcutaneous tissue around the nodules will be tested in detail.

If the malignant melanoma has not metastasized, the chance of cure after obliterating it can reach 100%. However, any patient with melanoma has the risk of regenerating the tumor, so the patient needs regular skin examination.

Prevention 

There is no way to prevent it, but if you suspect that you are growing melanoma, you should go for a test as soon as possible and treat it as quickly as possible.

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that begins to arise from the middle layer of the epidermis. It usually occurs at the site of sunlight exposure, but it can also grow on any part of the skin or the tongue and oral mucosa. Most squamous cell carcinomas only affect the surrounding skin, but some cancer cells can also spread to distant parts of the body, life-threatening.

Symptoms

  • The squamous cells begin as a red mass with scaly scabs on the surface and cannot heal.
  • The lump will grow in a few weeks or months, causing ulcers, but not necessarily painful.

Causes

  • Unknown, but may be related to aging.
  • Long-term exposure to sunlight or exposure to radiation and certain chemicals may also cause skin cancer.

Treatment

  • If you develop warts on your skin that do not disappear or continue to grow for more than a month, or if the lumps proliferate and become ulcers or bleeding, you should immediately see a doctor. Doctors can use liquid nitrogen freezing or fluorouracil cream treatment. Fluorouracil can kill rapidly dividing cells.
  • The doctor will perform a surgical operation to remove the tumor and test it.

Prevention

Avoid prolonged publicity to sunlight, especially people dwelling in hot areas for many years.

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